Photomedicine

Pigmentary Skin Conditions

Albinism is term used to describe a number of inherited genetic conditions that occur when the body is unable to produce or distribute melanin, our own body’s pigment. The resulting lack of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes is characteristic of albinism.

 

Vitiligo is a common pigmentary disorder in which the pigment producing cells of the skin (melanocytes) are absent or non-functional. As a result, lighter patches of skin appear on various parts of the body due to the lack of melanin (pigment). Lesions on the face and the back of the hands are common and prominent; sites of injury or scarring are also commonly affected.